100 History Trivia Questions and Answers

This list comprises a selection of 100 history trivia questions and their corresponding answers, all of which are themed around the subject of history. The questions span various historical periods, civilizations, and events – from ancient empires and medieval conflicts, to more modern events such as world wars, political movements, and significant personalities.

These questions have been carefully curated to challenge even those with a strong knowledge of history, offering a mix of both well-known and obscure historical facts. Each question offers an opportunity to delve into different corners of our collective past, providing a wide range of historical understanding.

By going through these questions and answers, you will be able to test your historical knowledge, learn new facts, and perhaps gain a greater appreciation for the vast and complex tapestry of human history.

If you’d like more history themed trivia like this, check out:

Table Of Contents open

1. Who was the Roman Emperor at the time of Jesus’s birth?

2. What famous 5th-century A.D. conqueror was known as “The Scourge of God”?

3. Who wrote the Communist Manifesto along with Karl Marx?

4. Which famous leader died at the Battle of Hastings in 1066?

5. Who was the last Aztec Emperor?

6. What is the Magna Carta?

7. Who was the first Tudor monarch?

8. What were the series of wars fought by the states of Florence, Venice, and the Papal States against the Duke of Milan called?

9. Which Japanese shogun founded the Tokugawa shogunate?

10. What was the main subject of the 95 Theses text?

11. Which wives of Henry VIII were beheaded?

12. Who was known as the Sun King?

13. What was the War of the Spanish Succession?

14. Which Tsar of Russia modernized the Russian army in the 18th century?

15. Who was the last Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire?

16. Who was the British monarch during the American Revolution?

17. What were the series of revolutions in the late 18th century that ended the Bourbon monarchy in France?

18. What is the name of Napoleon Bonaparte’s first wife?

19. Who was the American general who served as the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War?

20. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

21. Who was the first president of the United States?

22. What was the Battle of Waterloo?

23. In what year did the U.S. Civil War begin?

24. Who was the President of the Confederate States during the U.S. Civil War?

25. Who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln?

26. What country first implemented concentration camps during the Second Boer War?

27. Which U.S. President is known for the ‘Square Deal’?

28. Who was the leader of Germany during WWI?

29. Which treaty ended WWI?

30. Who was the Tsar of Russia at the beginning of the Russian Revolution?

31. Who were the leaders of the Soviet Union during WWII?

32. Who was the British Prime Minister at the start of WWII?

33. Which American General led the Allied forces in the Pacific during WWII?

34. Who was the Emperor of Japan during WWII?

35. What was the name of the operation in which Allied forces landed in Normandy on D-Day?

36. What event sparked the Korean War?

37. Who was the President of the United States when it entered the Vietnam War?

38. Who was the Egyptian president during the Yom Kippur War?

39. Who was the South African president who ended Apartheid?

40. Which country had a violent revolution in 1910 which lasted for a decade?

41. Who was the Shah of Iran before the Iranian Revolution in 1979?

42. What year did the Soviet Union collapse?

43. Who was the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany)?

44. Who was the first democratically elected President of Russia?

45. Who was the Prime Minister of India at the time of Indian Independence in 1947?

46. Who was the first female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom?

47. Who was the leader of the Nationalist forces during the Chinese Civil War?

48. Who succeeded Mao Zedong as the leader of the People’s Republic of China?

49. Who was the last Emperor of China?

50. Who was the leader of North Vietnam during the Vietnam War?

51. Who led the Bolsheviks during the October Revolution in 1917?

52. Which Soviet leader implemented the policy of Perestroika?

53. What event started the Great Depression?

54. Who was the longest reigning British monarch?

55. Who was the longest reigning French monarch?

56. What was the Black Death?

57. Who discovered the New World for the Europeans?

58. Who was the first European to reach India by sea?

59. What event caused the start of the Crusades?

60. Which Roman Emperor converted the Roman Empire to Christianity?

61. Who founded the Ottoman Empire?

62. Who was the last Queen of France before the French Revolution?

63. Who was the only U.S. President to serve more than two terms?

64. Who was the British Prime Minister during the Falklands War?

65. Which Egyptian Pharaoh is known for the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza?

66. Who was the first Emperor of China?

67. What was the last major battle of the American Revolutionary War?

68. Who was the last monarch of the House of Stuart?

69. What was the purpose of the Berlin Conference in 1884-1885?

70. What war was sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand?

71. Which Pope called for the First Crusade?

72. Who was the first female Nobel laureate?

73. Which British king signed the Magna Carta?

74. Who was the Queen of England during the Spanish Armada?

75. Which nation won the Battle of Waterloo?

76. Who was the first female pilot to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean?

77. Which ancient Greek historian is often called the “Father of History”?

78. Who discovered the Rosetta Stone?

79. Who was the United States Secretary of State who developed the Marshall Plan?

80. Who was the King of England during the English Civil War?

81. Which Persian King was defeated by Alexander the Great?

82. Which English king was defeated at the Battle of Hastings?

83. Who was the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire?

84. What battle marked the end of the Napoleonic Wars?

85. Who was the famous British statesman and Prime Minister who led Britain through World War II?

86. Which U.S. President issued the Emancipation Proclamation?

87. Which French statesman led the Free French Forces during World War II?

88. Which famous scientist was the director of the Los Alamos Laboratory during the development of the atomic bomb?

89. What was the Bay of Pigs invasion?

90. What was the name of the peace treaty that ended the Russo-Japanese War?

91. What was the name of the movement in India that sought independence from British rule?

92. Who was the president of South Africa when Nelson Mandela was released from prison?

93. Who was the leader of the Soviet Union during the Cuban Missile Crisis?

94. Which American civil rights activist delivered the “I Have a Dream” speech?

95. Who was the first Prime Minister of Israel?

96. Who was the first President of the French Fifth Republic?

97. Which Roman Emperor was in power during the Great Fire of Rome?

98. Who was the ruler of England during the defeat of the Spanish Armada?

99. Who was the U.S. President during the Louisiana Purchase?

100. Which world leader coined the phrase “Iron Curtain”?

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